North Caucasia is the name given to the green region between Black Sea and Caspian Sea, with legendary Mountain Kaf at its back. While walking throughout Caucasia, you can pass through rivers with plenty of fish inside and you can feed yourself with plenty of fruits and vegetables such as orange, pear etc. And if you decide to walk to the Caucasian mountains which lies between Black Sea and Caspian Sea with about 1200 km. length and 150 km. width; you will see unique scenery in the world which will make you feel very good.
North Caucasia is a geography where the same native people have been living for thousands of years. Even though great kingdoms were established in the past, people were mostly free until the Russian occupation. Russian attacks started in 1500s and became more frequent in 1700s, which resulted with a great resistance from the natives. Religion-based resistance started by Imams began in Eastern Caucasia, named as Gazavat and reached to its peak with Sheikh Shamil. This war covered the people of Daghestan, Chechens and Ingush and lasted 25 more years with Imam Shamil and it has been covered in lectures about guerilla warfare all around the world. But it ended in 1850 when Shamil surrendered, as there was nothing else left to do. The war has continued in Central and Western Caucasia for independence and it lasted until 1864 as Adige have resisted. Then, almost all the natives in Northern Caucasus, 90 % of Adige, Abkhaz and Kabardeys were exiled to the Ottoman lands. Today, Caucasians live all around the world, with a couple of million of them in Turkey.
North Caucasia is located in south of Russian Federation and it consists of Adige, Karacay-Circassian, Kabardey-Balcaria, Northern Ossetia, Ingushetia, Chechnya and Dagestan autonomous republics. Abkhazia and Southern Ossetia have declared independence.
Approximately 9 million people live in North Caucasia and majority of them are Muslims. Even though their customs and traditions are similar, these people have different languages. Adiges and Kabardeys, Chechens and Ingush speak the same language with only slight dialectic differences. But Adige, Abkhaz, Karacay Balkars, Chechens, Ingush, Osets, Avars, Lezgis, Lacs, Dargils, Kumukhs, Tabasarans all speak different languages. Evliya Chelebi said that Caucasia was a place where you needed to have at least 25 interpreters with you.
North Caucasian economy depends heavily on agriculture and animal husbandry, and it has a potential to become the most popular nature tourism site. It’s beautiful geography, and wonderful mountains are very effective. Recently, tourism is not in a good condition due to historical reflexes of natives about foreigners and the unique security problems of the region; air traffic is increasing and this brings hope for the future. Three airlines in Turkey have regular flights to Sochi, Krasnodar, Rostov, Stavrapol and Nalchik almost every day of the week. In addition to this, some Russian airlines have regular flights from Vladikavkaz, Grozny and Mahackale to Istanbul. Also, bus transfers have started to the region from Istanbul, Ankara and Kayseri. Turkish investors are invited in the region and especially to Dagestan.